Historical museums and reserves
State Historical and
Architectural Museum-Reserve "Complex of Shirvanshahs' Palas"
76, Gasr dongesi, Icheri Sheher, Baku AZ1004|
(449 12) 492 10 73, 492 83 04
Hours of work:
every day from 10.00 am to 18.00 pm|
Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of
Executive Power of Baku
«Maiden Tower» (Icheri Sheher); «Ateshgyakh» - (Surakhani)
description: Museum-reserve preserves and
propagandizes unique residence of great rulers
of Shirvan state - Palace of Shirvanshahs.
Shirvanshahs' Palace was constructed by the 35th
Shirvanshah Khalilullah I in the XV-XVI
centuries. The ensemble contains dwelling house
with 52 rooms, Divankhana, mausoleum of the
court-scientist Seyid Yahya Bakuvi (Shirvani),
Portal of Eastern Gate, Palace mosque with
minaret, Shirvanshahs' family tomb, Palace
bathhouse, and 70-stepped underground
water-reservoir. Palace constructions are
situated on the highest hill of the historical
center of Baku - Icheri Sheher. Huge portals of
the palace and buildings with minarets and
cupolas, ornaments and marvelous fragile
carvings of the tablets, perfectly done details
of stone work have kept their freshness for
centuries and reached our days in their beauty.
Brief information about branches: "Giz Galasi"
("Maiden Tower") is situated in the southern
part of Icheri Sheher. This unique monument of
Azerbaijan architecture is a symbol of Baku.
Height of the monument is 29,7 m, diameter is
16,5 m. "Giz Galasi" was constructed in two
periods: most of Azerbaijan scientists supposed
the lower part of the monument to 13,7 m to be
dated back from the VII-VI centuries BC. Some
reconstruction works were conducted there in the
"Ateshgyakh" - fire-temple - is situated at a
distance of 30 km from Baku in the southeast
part of Surakhani in the Absheron Peninsula.
Ateshgyakh is the fire-temple built on the area
of extraction of natural gas springs. Throughout
the XVIII century prayer rooms, cells,
caravanserais were built around the temple. At
the beginning of the XIX century the temple
looked like one can see today. This temple was
reconstructed by the local masters due to means
of Indian merchants. The temple has been
reconstructed in 1975.