Art museums and Galleries
State Museum of Azerbaijan Carpet and
named after Latif Kerimov
from 10°° am to 18°°pm, closed on Mondays|
Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of
Shusha Branch of Azerbaijan Carpet Museum (18,
The Museum is a unique institution that
keeps one of the richest collections of
Azerbaijan carpets in the world. Besides old
carpets and works of applied art, the Museum
also exhibits works by modern weavers and
craftsmen. From its first days, the Museum has
turned into a specialized institution of
researching and popularizing the Azerbaijan
carpet and local carpet weaving traditions.
During many centuries, carpet weaving has played
the great role in Azerbaijan people's household,
and carpets have become the symbol of the
nation. Embodying local aesthetic, artistic and
ethnic peculiarities, carpets are the
self-identification of the people.
From archeological materials and written
sources, it has been known that carpets were
woven in Azerbaijan starting from the Bronze Age
(late 2nd - early 1st Millennia B.C). Herodotus,
Claudius Elian, Xenofont and other historians of
the ancient world gave information on the
development of carpet weaving in Azerbaijan.
Interesting information on Azerbaijan carpets
and their decorative specifications can be found
in various medieval sources written by Arabian
authors, Azerbaijan poets, like Nizami and
Hagani (12th century),etc.
In the 13th -14th centuries, many carpets and
carpet items were exported to foreign countries
from Azerbaijan. Drawing people's attention with
their fine ornaments, delicate and slender
patterns, these carpets were represented in
canvas of famous European painters of the
Renaissance, like “Maria with the Child” by Hans
Memmling, “Saint Maria” by Van Eykin,
“Ambassadors” by Hans Holbeyn, where we can see
the “Shirvan”, “Zeyva” and “Kazakh” designs.
Azerbaijan carpets are demonstrated in many
museums of the world: New-York Metropolitan
Museum, London Victoria & Albert Museum, the
Hermitage in Sankt-Peterburg, Louver in Paris,
In the Azerbaijan Carpet Museum, classic pile
carpets of the Guba, Baku,Shirvan, Ganja, Gazakh,
Garabakh, and Tabriz zones of Azerbaijan are
The Guba carpets of the “Pirabadil”, “Gymyl”, “Syrt-chichi”,
“Yerfi”, “Ughakh”, and “Heart-Pirabadil” designs
are distinguished with characteristic patterns
and bright colours.
The Shirvan carpets demonstrate the fascinating
old patterns in the “Namazlig”, “Arjiman”, “Sor-sor”,
“Maraza”, “Kabistan”, “Ovchulug”, “Jemjemli”,
and “Israfil” designs.
The Garabakh carpets are represented with the
fine the “Lampa”, “Bulud”,“Buynuz”, “Chalabi”, “Bakhmanli”,
“Malibayli” etc designs. Bright colours and
plant motives of the Garabakh carpets reflect
the nature of Garabakh. Curvilinear outlines of
the Garabakh motives are characteristic of this
The Baku carpets are presented with the 18th
century “Khila-buta” and “Khila-afshan” carpets.
Their colours are fresh up to nowadays due to
natural dyes used in making these carpets, as
well as in the “Novkhany”, “Fyndigan”, and
“Surakhany” of the same group.
The Ganja and Gazakh groups are showed with the
“Fakhraly”, “Borchaly”,“Shikhly”, “Gachagan”,
“Gadim Ganja”, “Damirchiler” etc designs. These
carpets are distinguished with the prevalent
geometric style of patterns.
The Tabriz carpet group is presented by examples
of the ”Lacha turundj”,“Afshan”, “Serabi”
carpets that demonstrate high mastery and
artistic imagination of weavers.
Apart from pile carpets, the exhibition shows
various pile-less carpets and flatwoven
household items that were used not only as
utilitarian items, but also decoration, such as
palas, jejim, kilim, shadda, zili, ladi, verni,
and sumakh, as well as mafrash (bag for storage
of bedding), khurjun (saddle-bag), heiba, chanta,
chul, kharal (bags) etc. from the Baku,Shirvan,
Gazakh, Guba, and Garabakh zones.
Visitors can also see a collection of Azerbaijan
applied art, such as jewellery, adornments and
cold steel; works of china, glass, paper, carved
wood and stone; embroideries and traditional
costumes; metal works. A large number of the
items date back to ancient times, for
example,bronze vessels, ceramics, and arms of
the Bronze Age, as well as metal works of the
14th century and carpets of the 17th century.
In the Museum, Azerbaijan traditional costumes
and decorative embroidery are also demonstrated,
including examples of woman's, man's and child
Today, the Museum is one of the main research
centres in the country. In1983-1988, the Museum
held the 1st and 2nd International Symposiums on
Oriental and Azerbaijan Carpets under auspicious
of UNESCO. In 2002, by decision of the
Azerbaijan government, the 3rd
International Symposium on Azerbaijan carpet and
Applied Art was held.
The Museum's collection was exhibited in 30
countries, including Japan, Israel, UK,
Cuba,Iran, Holland, Madagascar, Turkey etc.
For domestic and foreign private and juridical
persons, the Museum
render expert and middleman services in
purchasing carpets. It also provides an expert
commission that estimates the artistic value of
carpets and handicrafts, and issues a license
for exporting these objects from the country.
In the Museum, visitors can also try on
traditional costumes and immerse themselves in
the rich culture of Azerbaijan. Simultaneously,
there will also be an opportunity to have your
photograph taken in the background of old
Moreover, the Museum takes orders to making any
carpets and carpet souvenirs of various
traditional designs, as well as arranges guiding
excursions, folklore festivals, exhibitions, and
ethnographic trips. Besides, it publishes
booklets, catalogues and guides, as well as
provides tourism, and transport services. In the
framework of international museum tourism, the
Museum organizes education and folklore
programs, excursions and trips to traditional
handicraft zones of the country. The Museum
prepares training programs to collaborate with
educational institutions in order to educate
young people in traditional arts, including
traditional designing, carpet making and
After Shusha was occupied in 1992, the Shusha
Branch of the Museum has continued its work at
the Azerbaijan Carpet Museum in Baku.