Art museums and Galleries
Azerbaijan State Museum of
Artd named after Mustafaev
9-11, Niyazi str., Baku AZ1001|
(994 12) 492 57 11, 492 57 89
Hours of work:
from 10°° am to 18°° pm; closed on Mondays|
Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of
description: The Azerbaijan State Museum of Art
is a storehouse of the works of art beginning
from the ancient period up to the present time
All kinds of art are completely represented
here. The art of Azerbaijan, West-Europe,
Russia, the East is displayed in the halls of
our museum. The museum was founded in 1920 and
at present it is situated in two old buildings,
which were built at the end of the XIX centure.
The exposition of our museum is constructed in
historico-chronological succession and by
The collection of the art of West-Europe: Italy,
Flandry, Holland, Germany and France is
remarkable in so far as includes works by all
the betterknown painters of the XVI-XIX cc.
Bassano L., Solimena F., Brouwer A., Claesz P.,
Sustermans J., Kaulbach F.A., Dupre J.,
Dagnan-Bouveret and etc.
In the section of Russian art there are the
works of such outstanding artists of the
XVIII-XIX cc. as Borovikovsky V.L., Argunov N.I.,
Lampi The Elder, Tropinin V.A., Shishkin I.I.,
Vereshchagin P.P., Aivazovsky I.K., Korovin K.A.,
Serov V.A., Rerich N.K.
The collection of Azerbaijan art covers a vast
span of time. The earliest exhibits:
archaeological vessels date from the 6-4
millenia B.C., which were discoved on the
territory of the different regions of Azerbaijan
such as Khanlar, Mingechaur and others, ceramics
of the Middle Ages, bronze and copper wares of
the XI-XIX cc, unique ancient carpet and carpet
wares of Guba, Baku, Shirvan, Tabriz, Garabakh,
Gazakh centres of carpet-making: jewelry,
executing in the different techniques such as
filigree, chasing, ware-drawing, granulation,
enamel work. The chief centres of jewellery-making
art in Azerbaijan were located in Baku, Ganja,
Shamakhy, Shusha, Sheki, Tabriz.
But Azerbaijan carpet-making art, miniature
paintings, book art represent one of the most
interesting pages in the centure-old history of
Eastern peoples and occupy by right their
honourable place among the treasures of world
artistic culture. Azerbaijan miniature has
covered a long and complex way of development
and reached its flowering in the XVI centure.
Tabriz school of miniature played the leading
role in the development of miniature paintings
not only in such Azerbaijan towns as Tabriz.
Baku, Shamakhy, but in Iran, Turkey, the Middle
Asia, Afganistan and Mogol school of miniature
painting in India.
Azerbaijan easel and book miniatures of the
XVII-XIX cc, varnished miniatures of the
XVIII-XIX cc. are demonstrated in the halls of
XIX c. was a period of the growth of the
realistic tendencies in fine art of Azerbaijan.
In paintings and drawing of that period
organically combine realistic features and
miniature's influence. These new tendencies
reflected especially bright in the creation of
such artists of the XIX c. as Mirza Kagym
Iravani, Mir Movsum Navvab, Abbas Husseyni.
These peculiarities were developed later in the
creation of the artists of the early XXth c.
Kengherli B., Azimzade A. Splendid pile and
pileless, thematically and orna-mental carpets
and carpet wares are indispensable part of our
Azerbaijan section, because carpet-making is one
of the most ancient and the most widely spread
kind of Azerbaijan decorative and applied art.
The specimens of fine Azerbaijan carpets and
carpet wares are in the collections of the
word's largest museums - the Hermitage in
Sankt-Peterburg, the Victoria and Albert in
London, the Textile in Washington, the Louvre in
Paris, the Topkapi in Istanbul and others.
As the written sources say, carpet-making art
was already high developed in Azerbaijan in the
Middle Age and that's why carpet were exported
to the different countries of the world in the
Many famous painters of the world used in their
works an Azerbaijan carpet as a decorative
element. In this way a Dutch painter Gans
Memling (1433-1494) used in his picture "Maria
with a baby" Mugan carpet, Shirvan group of
carpets, Azerbaijan. The image of the Ganja-Gazakh
carpet may be seen in the picture of the famous
German painter of Renaissance G.Golbein
From technological point of view all carpets are
derived into pile and pileless. Pile-less
carpets (palas, jejim, kilim, shadda, verni,
zili and sumakh) are much older than pile
carpets and are noted for their original designs
and bright colours.
Pile carpets are especially valuable. Pile
carpets may be thematical ("The Seasons",
"Dervish", "Ovchulug", and so on.) and
ornamental ("Alikhanly". "Pirabadil", "Surakhany",
"Golluchichi", "Gymyl", "Shamakhy" and others).
The names of the carpets are mainly associated
with the places they come from.
The best specimens of decorative and applied art
of Azerbaijan are famous far beyond the borders
of the country and by right are a part of golden
fund of world culture.
The section of modern art of Azerbaijan
consisting of painting, drawing, sculpture, the
items of decorative and applied art aquants with
creation of our outstanding artists and young
talanted masters, whose works are famous far
beyond the borders of Azerbaijan.
Rich collection of the Azerbaijan State Museum
of Art help to see the unknown sides of the
monuments of the past and to discover some
peculiarities of modern art.
Of course, no one reproduction could change
originals. Each of them help you to revive
impressions, getting in the museum and, of
course, we'll be very glad to see you in our
temple of art those, who haven't an opportunity
yet to visit our museum.